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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all around the world and also have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and areas of the world, over the previous ten decades. .
The main reason for the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are highly resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and introduced back to the homes of guests in their luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the use of travellers own sleeping linen in common accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are often found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. As the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, mature bed bugs can easily be seen with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very difficult to view on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding areas are evident by black or brown stains of dried blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes described as buggy is like the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells may be found near these areas, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and also the release of alarm pheromones can make them quite difficult to deal with as bed bugs become alert and quickly vacate the area being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will nourish and are likely to haven in close proximity. In cases like this, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a brief amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of factors. Some people have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can occur during the course of the night or may take up to grow.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could occur in individuals which are highly allergic, but this is quite rare. .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common in the emotional effects of bed bugs. Bites may be found on a variety of places on the entire body. Another characteristic is the bites are occasionally in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed bug causes these rows being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will feed on mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they may carry diseases like hepatitis they're not known to transfer these diseases to individuals.
Mattress bug eggs' survival additional info is also an issue. It is not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller size of the newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is detected, all adjoining chambers need to be inspected and handled if additionally affected.
This can be finished by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very little ) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before chemical treatment as it removes all dust and debris from the site of this infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.